TYPES OF ARTICULATION ERRORS
Traditional Articulation Disorders are when a child substitutes one sound for another, such as 'w' for 'l', makes distortions on sounds, such as with a lisp.
Phonological Processes: When young children don't outgrow typical developing patterns, it's called a phonological processing disorder. Here are a couple examples of phonological processes (all processes should be resolved by age 5):
Stopping: Such as when a child says "toup" for "soup" - exchanging the long /s/ sound for a quick sound.
Final consonant deletion: The child leaves the final consonant of the end of words.
Children with this type of speech disorder are at a higher risk for early reading difficulties. They often struggle with language in the areas of vocabulary, sentence structure, and grammar. In turn, children who struggle with language disorders are at higher risk for struggling with academics or having a learning disability.
Apraxia: Apraxia is an articulation disorder caused by motor planning difficulty. A child can also have apraxia of the limbs. Children with apraxia often struggle with reading and writing.
Dysarthria: Articulation difficulty caused by weak muscles. Dysarthria is common in children with Cerebral Palsy and Down Syndrome.
How can I help my child at home?
(for traditional articulation disorders)